1881 - 51st and 105th
Regiments form 1st (51st) and 2nd (105th) Battalions
The King's Own Light Infantry (South Yorkshire Regiment)
2nd Bn in England and Ireland
1883 - 2nd Bn. at York
1885 - 2nd Bn. Malta,
India (Karachi, Hyderabad, Quetta), Zhob Valley Expedition,
then Bombay, Poona and Nasirabad
1887 - became King's
Own (Yorkshire Light Infantry)
1887-1889 - Third Burmese
War - Upper Burma Field Force
1889-1914 - Cosport,
Channel Isles, Ireland, Sheffield and Aldershot
1893 - Ashanti Expedition
1897-1898 - 2nd Bn. Tirah
and Shin Kamar
PUNJAB FRONTIER 1897 – 98
TIRAH 1897 – 98
Presented to 4987 Private J.J.ALLINSON - 2nd
(Heather Taylor: nee Allinson)
1899 - 2nd Bn. Mauritius
and Wynberg, South Africa, 1st Bn in Ireland, Sheffield
1899-1902 2nd Bn. - South
African War - Belmont, Graspan, Modder River and Magersfontein,
Kimberley, Fourteen Streams, Boshof, Gittenbergen. Orange
Free State - Lindley, Bethlehem. Pretoria, Rustenberg
(Nooitgedact and Bakenlaagnte) and Krugersdorp.
Transvaal to Dundee and back to Transvaal. Also included
4th Battalion King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (T.A.)
Belmont - 23 Nov. 1899
About 3,000 Boers, in strong positions in hills near
Belmont, were frontally attacked and defeated by British
infantry and cavalry (Lord Methuen). Casualties: British,
298; Boer, 300, and 500 prisoners.
Graspan (or Enslin) - 25 Nov. 1899
The Boers, 2,500-strong, occupied a strong position,
the key to which was a high kopje. It was attacked
by Lord Methuen's division and a naval brigade of
400. The frontal and flank assault failed, Methuen
losing 283 men.
Modder River - 11 Dec. 1899
Cronje, with 9,000 Boers, held a strong position on
both banks of the river, on which Lord Methuen was
marching to the Modder with 1st British Division.
His columns came under fire about 7 a.m. and the action
lasted until evening, when a turning movement enabled
Methuen to drive Cronje from his trenches. British
losses were 24 officers and 461 men killed or wounded.
Boer casualties, 500.
Magersfontein - 11 Dec. 1899
A major battle of the war between 9,000 Boers (Cronje)
and a British division (Methuen). The Highland brigade,
attempting to turn the Boer flank by night, lost 57
officers and 700 men. Unable to make any impression
on the Boers, the British withdrew, having lost in
all 68 officers and 1,011 men. The Boers admitted
losses of 320.
Lindley - 23-27 May 1900
Colonel Spragge, with 500 yeomanry, held out for four
days before surrendering to a superior Boer force.
1901-02 - 2nd Bn. Malta,
Crete, Strensall by 1905 then at Sheffield,
Aldershot, Cork and Dublin until 1914
1905 - Gibraltar, South
Africa - 2nd Bn. to England
1908 - Hong Kong
1913-14 - Singapore, Hankow and
Canton, then home, 2nd Bn. to Ireland - Cork, Dublin
1919 - 1st Battalion
to Sheffield to refit. Then to India for fifth tour
of service in East. Stationed at Mhow and Quetta. 2nd
Battalion to England, Wales and Plymouth.
1920 - 2nd Battalion
to Ireland on special service. 4th and 5th Battalions
re-formed for 19 years of annual training. Became The
King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry.
1920-21 - 1st Battalion
in Mesopotamia. Then to Malta and home in April 1921.
Service in Coal Stike - stationed in Plymouth and then
1922 - 1st Battalion
to Dover, then in March - joined Rhine Army. From Cologne,
two companies sent to Silesia. 2nd Battalion to India
- Deolali then Ferozepore in November.
1922 - The 2nd Battalion, after a brief spell in Ireland,
moved to India in 1922 for an overseas tour which was
to last 24 years.
Oct. 1924 - 1st Battalion
to Gravesend for service at home. Gravesend, Dover,
Blackdown and Tidworth.
1927 - 2nd Battalion
to Peshawar. Her Royal Highness The Duchess of York,
now Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother became
1935 - 1st Battalion
1930 - 2nd Battalion
involved in Peshawar riots, on Frontier and in North-West
Frontier Province. Service against Red Shirt Movement.
1932 - 2nd Battalion
moved to Agra.
1935 - 2nd Battalion
moved to Burma.Still in Burma at outbreak of war in
1939, having been in Rangoon and Maymyo and involved
in Rangoon riots in 1936.
1938 - 1st Battalion
returned home to Strensall until war broke out in 1939.
KOYLI - The Second World War 1939-1945
In the Second World War the Regiment fielded
battalions which were subsequently converted into Light
Anti-Aircraft Regiments (5 KOYLI and 8 KOYLI), a Royal
Armoured Corps regiment (7 KOYLI) and one battalion
(9 KOYLI) was formed from The Yorkshire Dragoons. The
1st Battalion served in France, Norway, India, Iraq,
Persia and Syria before taking part in the invasion
of Sicily and subsequent fight up through Italy with
the 8th Army. After the fall of Rome the Battalion moved
to Palestine and, in March 1945 to Europe for the final
battles of the war. In 1946 the Battalion celebrated
Minden Day in Minden! The 2nd Battalion was in Burma
when the Japanese invaded in January 1942 and spent
the next five months covering the withdrawal of the
Army into upper Burma and finally India. By the time
the Battalion arrived in India, having fought actions
of great gallantry at the Sittang and Salween rivers,
only three trucks were needed to lift the entire Battalion.
The 1st/4th and 2nd/4th Battalions fought in Norway,
France, North Africa, Italy and Greece. In 1947 the
2nd Battalion sailed for Malaya and, as a consequence
of post-war reductions in the Army, the 1st Battalion
was placed in suspended animation and the 2nd Battalion
became the 1st Battalion The King’s Own Yorkshire
Light Infantry (51st & 105th) in April 1948.
The 1st Battalion staged briefly in England in 1951
before seeing service in Germany and Berlin, the campaign
against the Mau Mau in Kenya (1952-53), Aden (1955),
the EOKA campaign in Cyprus (1956), Germany (1958-61)
and Malaya (1961-64), during which it was flown to Sarawak
to combat Indonesian insurgency in Sarawak and Brunei.
In 1964 the 1st Battalion became part of the Strategic
Reserve Division (3rd Division) in Tidworth; the first
home posting for the Battalion — originally the
2nd Battalion — since 1922! Apart from an emergency
tour in Aden (1965-66) the Battalion remained in England
until moving to Berlin in 1967 where, in 1968, it became
a battalion of The Light Infantry.
1945 - 2nd at Burma then India
1946 - 1st at Minden
1947 (Dec.) - 1st at Plymouth,
2nd at Malaya (Sept.)
1948 (April) - 51st and
105th amalgamated to form the 1st Battalion, K.O.Y.L.I.,
stationed in Malaya.
1947-51 - In Malaya and
then returned to (Dortmund) Germany.
1952-54 - Germany - British
Army of the Rhine. Dortmund and Berlin, including guarding
1954-55 - Kenya - dealing
with Mau Mau rebellion.
1955-56 - Aden - one
company to Cyprus.
1956-57 - Cyprus.
In November, 1957, sailed home to Strensall on H.M.T.
Dilwara for a short spell of leave and recruiting marches
in the Yorkshire towns.
1958-61 - 3 months at
Strensall and then to Germany. British Army of the Rhine.
Sennelager and then Hilden near Dusseldorf.
Flew back to England in August 1961. To Pontefract for
four monts. Was visited by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth
the Queen Mother on 28th October, 1961.
1961-64 - Malaya - 28th
Commonwealth Brigade - Brunei, Borneo and Sarawak against
T.N.K.U. rebels and Indonesian guerrillas.
1964-67 - Tidworth in
England and one year in Aden (1965)
as part of the force striving to keep the peace and
protect the British base.
1967-68 - Served with
1968 - Light Infantry.
The Light Infantry (LI), was formed on Vesting Day
10 July 1968 from the King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry
(51st Foot & 105th Foot), the King's Shropshire
Light Infantry (53rd Foot & 85th Foot), the Durham
Light Infantry (68th Foot & 106th Foot) and the
Somerset and Cornwall Light Infantry to form the Light
Infantry in the Light Division.
Still the largest infantry regiment in the Order of
Battle, there are six Light Infantry Battalions today.
The Light Infantry
1st Battalion The Light Infantry - Airmobile role in
24 - Airmobile Brigade - Colchester
2nd Battalion The Light Infantry - Armoured Infantry
- (Warrior) in 20 - Armoured Brigade - Paderborn, Germany
5th Battalion The (Shropshire & Herefordshire) Light
Infantry - Headquarters in Shrewsbury
6th Battalion The (Somerset & Cornwall) Light Infantry
- Headquarters in Taunton
7th Battalion The (Durham) Light Infantry - Headquarters
8th Battalion The (Yorkshire) Light Infantry - Headquarters
- The Regimental Headquarters is in Winchester
The Rifles have been formed from four of the finest
Infantry Regiments of the British Army. Their history
is long and illustrious. The concept of British Light
Infantry - a combination of Light Infantry and Rifle
Regiments was the brain child of General Sir John Moore
(1761-1809), who established the original regiments
in Shorncliffe in the early 1800s. Since then, more
regiments have been converted to Light Infantry and,
in February 2007, they all joined and formed The Rifles.