Commonwealth War Graves - Cassino
The Polish War Graves, Cassino(1000 graves)
The term 'The Armistice' specifically refers to the end of World
War I. It marked the cessation of hostilities while awaiting a peace
However, it was to be nearly a year before all hostilities ended.
In London, at 11am on 11 November 1918, Big Ben rang for first time
in four years.
What is Remembrance Day?
Remembrance Sunday is held on the second Sunday in November, which is usually the Sunday nearest to 11 November. Special services are held at war memorials and churches all over Britain. A national ceremony takes place at the cenotaph in Whitehall, London.
But why a poppy?
Throughout the world the poppy is associated with the remembrance of those who died in order that we may be free, but how many of us are aware of the reason of how and why the poppy became the symbol of remembrance and an integral part of the work of the Royal British Legion.
Flanders is the name of the whole western part of Belgium. It saw some of the most concentrated and bloodiest fighting of the First World War. There was complete devastation. Buildings, roads, trees and natural life simply disappeared. Where once there were homes and farms there was now a sea of mud - a grave for the dead where men still lived and fought. Only one other living thing survived. The poppy flowering each year with the coming of the warm weather, brought life, hope, colour and reassurance to those still fighting.
Poppies only flower in rooted up soil. Their seeds can lay in the ground for years without germinating, and only grow after the ground has been disturbed.
John McCrae, a doctor serving with the Canadian Armed Forces, was so deeply moved by what he saw in northern France that, in 1915 in his pocket book, he scribbled down the poem "In Flanders Fields" .
McCrae's poem was eventually published in 'Punch' magazine under the title 'In Flanders Fields'. The poppy became a popular symbol for soldiers who died in battle.
This began the tradition of wearing a poppy in remembrance.
The first actual Poppy Day was held in Britain on November 11th, 1921 and was a national success raising£106,000. Since then, during every November, we keep the memory alive by wearing a poppy to commemorate those who sacrificed their lives during war.
Americans celebrate Veterans Day and here in Britain we have Remembrance Day.
IN FLANDERS FIELDS by John McCrae
In Flanders fields the poppies blow
We are the Dead. Short days ago
Take up our quarrel with the foe:
Material supplied by Dave and Mike Pruett